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高二英语备课《Module 4 Sandstorms in Asia》一周强化 外研社必修3

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Module 4 Sandstorms in Asia 一周强化
一、重点单词 1.frightening adj. 吓人的,可怕的
a frightening experience 一次可怕的经历 2.inland adj. 内陆的;内地的
an inland town 内地城市 an inland river 内河 inland trade 国内贸易 go inland 到内地去 3.mass adj. 大量的;大规模的 a mass-circulation magazine 大量发行的杂志 weapons of mass destruction 大规模毁灭性武器 a mass of/ masses of 大量的 4.campaign n. 战役;活动 the air campaign 空中战役 the campaign to reduce harmful vehicle emissions 减少汽车排出的有害气体的运动 a presidential campaign 总统竞选活动 5.process n. 进程;过程 the process of digestion 消化过程 go through the same process again 重复同一过程 the process of history 历史的进程 a psychological process 心理作用
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6.citizen n. 公民;市民 a Chinese citizen 中国公民 the citizens of Shanghai 上海市民 a plain citizen *傩
7.forecast (1)vt. 预报,预告 Cooler weather is forecast for tomorrow. 根据预报明天天气较凉快。 This forecasts a change in the situation. 这预示形*⑸浠 (2)n. 预报 a weather forecast 天气预报 8.strength n. 力,力量,力气 a man of great strength 力气大的人 push with all one’s strength 用全力推 the strength of memory (will) 记忆(意志)力 too much for sb’s strength 非某人力所能及 the position of strength 实力地位 9.atmosphere n. 大气,大气层 a moist atmosphere 潮湿的空气 10.environment n. 环境 a good learning environment 良好的学*环境 protect the environment from pollution 保护环境免遭污染 11.melt vi. 融化
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The snow has melted. 雪融化了。 Glass melts at a high temperature. 玻璃在高温下熔化。 Salt melts in water. 盐溶于水。 This cake melts in the mouth. 这蛋糕一进嘴就化掉了。 I’m simply melting (with heat). 我简直热死了。 The fog soon melted in the morning sun. 在早晨的太阳下雾很快消散了。 12.coastal adj. 沿海的 a coastal plain 沿海*原 the coastal waters of a country 一个国家的*海水域 13.concerned adj. 关心的,担心的 be concerned in sth. 和某事有牵连 with a concerned air 带着关切的神情 be concerned to do sth (with doing) sth. 一心想做某事 concern v. 涉及,关系到 He doesn’t bother about things that don’t concern him. 对那些与他无关的事他不去烦心。 This concerns us deeply. 这件事对我们关系极大。 14.evidence n. 根据,证明 evidence for (of) a conclusion 结论的根据 15.major adj. 主要的,多数的 the major part of the audience 大部分观众 a major problem 大问题 major changes 重大变化 play a major part 起主要作用
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a major road 大道 the major consideration 主要考虑 a major subject 主修课程 16.urgent adj. 紧急的 be in urgent need 急需 an urgent appeal 紧急的呼吁 She was urgent for the doctor to come. 她迫切的要求请医生来。 17.pollute vt. 污染 pollute environment 污染环境 18.complain vi. 抱怨,发牢骚 She complained of (about) his carelessness. 她对他的粗心很不满。 She complained that he did not work hard. 她抱怨他工作不努力。 19.scary adj. 恐怖的,吓人的 get a bit scary 有点害怕 20.protection n. 保护 under the protection of 在……的保护下 various protections against fire (theft) 各种防火(盗)装置 a protection from the wind 防风设施 二、重点短语 1.cut down 砍倒 cut down a lot of trees 砍倒一棵大树 cut down smoking 减少抽烟 2.be caught in 突然遇到(风暴)等 I was caught in the downpour. 我被大雨淋着了。
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3.one after another 一个接一个的 We achieved one victory (victories one) after another. 我们取得了一个又一个的胜利。 4.take in 吸收 take in oxygen 摄入氧 take in washing 在家替人洗衣服 5.give out 放出,发出 give out pamphlets 分发小册子 6.look through 浏览 Look through the notes before the examination. 考试前温*你的笔记。 三、重点句子分析 1.Sandstorms have been a major disaster for many Asian countries for centuries. 当句中出现“for+时间段”构成的时间状语时,句中常用完成时态。
e.g. e.g. Each athlete has had to train for many years and overcome fear and hardships to reach the games. 2.The four main places in the world where there are sandstorms are central Asia, North America, Central Africa and Australia. 此句为 where 引导的一个定语从句,其中先行词为 the four main places, where 在从句 中指代的是 in those places, 在从句中做地点状语。 e.g. His grandpa reached the museum in Guanghan, where an official warmly received them. 3.To have been caught in a sandstorm was a terrible experience.
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此句中用到了非谓语动词的一种——动词不定式做主语: To have been caught in a sandstorm 其中出现了动词不定式的完成时态的被动语态。 完成时态表明这个动作已经发生,被动语态表明它的逻辑主语为人与动词 catch 是动宾关 系。
e.g. To do is one thing, to say is quite another. I’m sorry to have kept you waiting.
It’s a great honor to be elected a model teacher. She is the first girl to have been admitted to Peking University. 4.There was nothing to be done. 在这个句子中,不定式 to be done 做 nothing 的后置定语。 没什么事可以被做的。(什么也干不了) There was nothing that can be done. 比较:There was nothing to do. 没什么事要做。(事都做完了)。 5.Sandstorms in China appear to have increased in recent years as a result of desertification. (1)appear to do 看起来……相当于 seen,后面可接不定式,且 increase 这个动作已 发生,所以要用不定式完成时。 e.g. He appears to have many friends.
There appears to have been a mistake.
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(2)as a result (of) 结果,作为……的结果 e.g. Many teenagers have discovered the skateboard as a result of TV shows. 6.This is a process that happens when land becomes desert because of climate changes and because people cut down trees and dig up grass. (1)This 指代上文 desertification 沙漠化。 (2)此句中 that 引导了一个定语从句,其中 process 为先行词,that 指代的是 the process,在从句中做主语。 (3)文后 when 引导了一个时间状语从句,此时间状语从句中有两个由 and 连接的两个并 列的原因状语。 (4)because 接从句,because of 接名词或名词短语 e.g.Don’t scamp your work because you are pressed for time. The football match was cancelled because of rain. 7.Citizens wake up to an orange sky. wake up 醒来 e.g. What time do you usually wake up? 8.The storms sometimes continue all day and traffic moves very slowly because the thick dust makes it difficult to see. make it difficult to see 这个结构中 it 为形式宾语,只是一个符号,没有含义,动词不定式为真正的宾语。 e.g. She found it very difficult to study English well. it 也可以做形式主语。 e.g. It’s nice to see you again. 9.Weather experts advise people not to go out.
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e.g.What do you advise me to do? My mother advise me not to buy this clothes. 10.It’s difficult to breathe and the dust makes me ill. (1)此句中 it 为形式主语,真正的主语为不定式。 (2)make sb ill(make+宾语+宾补) e.g.make him happy make it a beautiful place 11.You’d better wear a mask. had better 为情态动词,后接动词原形,含义为“最好……”。 e.g. You’d better not say that. 12.To prevent it coming nearer, the government is planting trees. to prevent 是不定式(to do)做目的状语的用法,意思是“为了做……”,相当于 in order to do… e.g. To provide solutions to environmental problems, we must rely on science and technology. 13.Some countries are better than others at looking after the environment. (1)be good at 擅长于做…… be better than sb at 比……更擅长于…… e.g.He is good at music. He is better at music than his sisters. (2)look after 照料,照顾 e.g. look after the children 14.There are laws that do not allow people to burn too much coal. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 e.g. He was allowed to leave the country.
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15.In the 1970s, as people learnt more about environmental problems, the “Green”movement began and soon spread all over Europe. as 引导的是一个原因状语从句,语气比 because 弱。 e.g. As he wasn’t ready in time, we went without him. 16.The“Green”movement tries to get governments to think seriously about the environment and how to look after it. get 为一个使役动词。 get sb to do sth. 使某人做某事 e.g. You’ll never get him to understand. 四、重点句子记忆 1.And yet we do nothing but talk about it. 2.I can’t help but feel very concerned. 3.I can’t but wonder what will happen. 4.I couldn’t agree with you more. 5.It couldn’t be worse.
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